this sunny and clean air did not last long, as the shadow of pollution
quickly descended on the city again, and the beautiful mountains in
northern Tehran went out of sight again.
are a number of driving factors behind the high level of air pollution
in the Iranian capital and other big cities in the country, such as the
low-quality gasoline and diesel fuel that is used, the low price of
gasoline, the excessive use of private cars, the indifference of most
citizens toward environmental issues, inefficient and insufficient
public transport systems, and the armadas of substandard cars and
motorcycles plying the highways and byways of the country.
experts say that each motorcycle produces as much pollutants as seven
passenger cars, not to mention the additional noise pollution they
domestic auto companies have not raised their standards or begun to
produce fuel-efficient cars, they have enjoyed the unjustified support
of successive governments. The previous administration even allowed car
companies to greatly increase their prices.
addition, the major Iranian car makers are refusing to listen to
environmentalists, who say they should fit emissions control devices,
such as catalytic converters and canisters containing activated carbon,
on the vehicles they produce.
officials’ refusal to end the monopoly of auto companies that produce
substandard cars has come at the cost of people’s lives.
Hafezi, the chairman of the health committee of the Tehran City
Council, has said about 227 Iranians die due to air pollution every
month. Hafezi also stated that cars and motorcycles are responsible for
70 to 80 percent of the air pollution.
previous administration’s decision to make the country self-sufficient
in the production of gasoline -– the use of which is constantly
increasing -- has led to the production of low quality gasoline, which
again comes at the cost of people’s lives.
the other hand, officials and mass media outlets, especially the
state-funded national TV, are not encouraging people to be eco-friendly
citizens. In addition, NGOs are not trying to raise public awareness
about the danger of air pollution and are not raising their voices to
call on the government to address the issue.
citizens, especially in big cities, have been taken hostage by
substandard cars and motorcycles, which are depriving them of the right
to breathe fresh air.
hope that the new administration will do more than just pay lip service
to the issue of air pollution and will immediately start taking serious
action. The citizens of Iran have the right to breathe clean air.